예약금없는출장샵
  • 사천최음 마사지
  • 울산출장안마
  • 천안출장샵
  • 공주안마방 처음
  • 사천출장안마✈예약금없는출장샵▨사천양평 안마방{사천24시간 마사지}☷(사천게이 마사지)│사천삼산동 마사지➽사천안마방 여자친구╝사천병점 안마방♚사천안마방 몰카 유출~ 대화 대박임✒사천소프 마사지

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    원주출장샵
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    사천출장안마↛24시출장샵ミ사천양평 안마방{사천타이 마사지 단속}↾(사천나무위키 안마방)-사천진해 마사지☜사천마사지 움짤✉사천잠실 마사지➺사천세븐 상추 안마방㍿사천태국 마사지

    The governments of more than 190 nations 남양주마사지 강간 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    사천출장안마╀예약금없는출장샵↟사천양평 안마방{사천지행 안마방}ツ(사천경기 광주 마사지)♣사천삼산동 마사지➻사천도쿄 안마방●사천구글 안마방★사천모텔 출장안마✁사천괌 마사지

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    사천출장안마リ예약금없는출장샵➦사천양평 안마방{사천강원랜드 근처 마사지}┘(사천하노이 vip 마사지)➷사천텔레그램 야동➛사천울산 동구 마사지↸사천구월동 안마방タ사천도쿄 안마방♫사천필리핀 마사지

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories adko.xyz . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    사천출장안마▶24시출장샵╬사천양평 안마방{사천금촌 안마방}☼(사천하노이 마사지)▣사천출장샵강추♦사천장요근 마사지┱사천일반인 마사지 torrent☂사천구디 안마방↑사천마사지 종류

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 임실해운대 안마방 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    사천출장안마☼예약➽사천양평 안마방{사천마사지 마무리}├(사천신림동 마사지)フ사천영천 마사지⇗사천타이 마사지 가격⇎사천김연아 안마방❄사천안중 모텔⇩사천타이마사지 가격

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 부산출장안마 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    사천출장안마사천안마방 단발

  • 평택텀블러 안마방
  • 사천마사지 레전드 품번
  • 사천출장안마
  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    사천출장안마┆예약금없는출장샵↕사천양평 안마방{사천마사지 카페}α(사천송도 안마방)☎사천서울출장안마♣사천출장코스가격╬ 사천안마방 카드↡사천멜라니╚사천코 마사지 전후

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 김해만수동 마사지 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 창원출장샵 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    서울출장안마
    장성정왕동 안마방 전주출장샵 음성안마방 왕가슴녀
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, 카지노사이트 – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    사천출장안마╥24시출장샵﹃사천양평 안마방{사천엄지 눈 근육 마사지}£(사천안마방 오전)►사천aktkwl┌사천대전 안마방 추천┱사천안마방 시스템☣사천도봉구 안마방⇄사천영천 마사지

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 장흥출장미인아가씨 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    사천출장안마╗24시출장샵 사천양평 안마방{사천안마방 키스}╓(사천동대문 안마방)☼사천광주 여관➢사천아쿠아 마사지 젤⊥사천인계동 안마방⇃사천어깨통증 마사지◑사천양재 안마방

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 창원출장안마 .

    계룡호이안 마사지
    안양일본 안마방 카지노사이트 대전서초 마사지
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    사천출장안마⇩예약➻사천양평 안마방{사천황제 마사지}♦(사천출장서비스)┈사천안마방 미러⇩사천클럭 마사지β사천햄스터 마사지↤사천안마방 단속⇗사천마사지 자격증

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 창원출장안마 .

    사천출장안마✔예약┺사천양평 안마방{사천신천 모텔 추천}√(사천삼성역 안마방)❈사천광주 스타 안마방♐사천신림 모텔✿사천칠곡 안마방↝사천트레이너 마사지↑사천질 마사지

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 군산출장안마 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 양구대구 여관 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    사천출장안마↺예약금없는출장샵シ사천양평 안마방{사천타이마사지 섹스}╮(사천미아 안마방)♗사천익산 안마방☣사천안마방 숙박┢사천영천 마사지↶사천이기광 안마방✥사천출장소이스

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    사천출장안마┚출장부르는법┍사천양평 안마방{사천괌 마사지}マ(사천안마방 촬영)▣사천안마방 도찰⇩사천태국 현지 마사지ⓞ사천마사지 ssul↦사천홍대 안마방▽사천조건 만남 카페

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 속초러시아 마사지 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 군산출장안마 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 창원출장샵 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 진도엘림 마사지 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 서울출장안마 . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    사천출장안마❣예약✍사천양평 안마방{사천안산 마사지}→(사천상봉 마사지)サ사천손 마사지♗사천콜걸〓사천일반인 마사지↹사천대만 호텔 마사지✒사천마사지 구인

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, smatoos.xyz , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: dkevent.xyz showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 카지노사이트 showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    사천출장안마⇪예약┯사천양평 안마방{사천유성 마사지}♯(사천구미 안마방)♥사천천안 안마방 후기➠사천포항 타이마사지♂사천푸켓 크리스틴 러브 마사지■사천민락동 마사지♛사천고현 안마방

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    경상남도폰섹 녹음
    lemondeacademy.xyz 거창존슨즈 베이비 오일 마사지 군산출장안마
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    사천출장안마↭예약0사천양평 안마방{사천김해 장유 안마방}☰(사천출장마사지 후기)➶사천천안 출장⇦사천콜걸출장마사지♥사천계룡시 안마방█사천마포 마사지↮사천안산 조건

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.사천출장안마사천태국 전립선 마사지◄사천안마방 휴게┥(사천김무열 마사지)사천용인 마사지▀사천창동역 마사지ク사천토렌트 마사지☃사천안마방 태국▶카지노사이트출장부르는법사천칠곡 마사지┹사천마사지 수면▶【사천중국전통마사지 팁】사천피부 마사지┽사천분당 마사지♪ 사천콧대 마사지 효과☪사천나트랑 마사지↗사천출장안마거제고주파 마사지사천안마방 텀블✌사천우에하라 아이 마사지┲‹사천해피 오렌지 출장 샵›사천눈붓기빼는 마사지ヘ사천오창 마사지⊙사천길동 안마방リ사천마사지 애무カ사천만짜이 마사지♐사천철산 안마방⇪(사천로드샵 단속)사천팔 마사지τ사천안마방 미러┼사천평택역 마사지⊙사천안마방 의자φ사천마사지 구인⇁사천tumblr 마사지│〖사천모텔 아가씨〗사천동탄 마사지 후기↥사천타이 마사지 ㅁㅁㄹ❂사천마사지 품번➼사천영천 마사지▄사천성대 마사지ヤ사천이천 마사지◦<사천장요근 마사지>사천역곡 안마방⇚사천gigi rivera 마사지╉사천안마방 한번싸면◊사천태국 출장 마사지✿예약금없는출장샵칠곡천안 유흥24시출장샵사천마사지 torrent┷사천마사지 단속 시간♙『사천야탑 마사지 후기』사천출장최고시✖사천여성 전용 마사지 알바↭사천토렌트 안마방╍사천대딸방╇사천출장안마사천출장안마cpod.xyz사천주안 모텔 추천사천얼굴 경락 마사지사천신천 안마방사천출장샵추천사천출장안마사천체코 마사지 토렌트✡사천다방 콜┷『사천서산 마사지』사천서울 출장샵☆사천두정동 마사지✂사천일본인 안마방♨사천양평 마사지♥의성서귀포 안마방

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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